The Corpus of Multilingual Opinion Essays by College Students

The Corpus of Multilingual Opinion Essays by College Students (MOECS)


The participants were undergraduate or graduate students at a college. They were either volunteer or received a reward when they completed the task. In this project, native speakers are defined as people who received education in English in any subjects in their secondary to university/college (their teachers used English in all subjects except foreign language classes).

The direction was
"Currently, people worldwide are able to use the Internet. Some people say that since we can read the news online, there is no need for newspapers or magazines, while others say that newspapers and magazines will still be necessary in the future. Please write your opinion about this issue."

The participants were also told to follow the instruction below:
(1) To write a title of your choice at the top of your essay.
(2) To write your essay within one hour.
(3) Not to use a dictionary and smartphones.
(4) To write clearly as possible.
(5) To write about 400 words in English or 800 letters in Japanese.

The participants were told to handwrite in front of the researchers to control their writing conditions and to avoid plagiarism. The downloadable essay data is typed after the data collection.

The participants received an explanation of the research project and consented.

All the essays of the Corpus of Multilingual Opinion Essays by College Students were collected in the same manner. You can find the Japanese direction here. However, note that the methodology originates from the Nihon Kankoku Taiwan-no Daigakusei-niyoru Nihongo Ikenbun Detabesu (The Database of Japanese Opinion Essays by Japanese/Korean/Taiwanese University Students, by Ikuko Ijuin of Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, also downloadable from here). In the Database of Japanese Opinion Essays by Japanese/Korean/Taiwanese University Students, the Korean and Taiwanese participants first wrote a Japanese essay then another essay in their first language, while the other participants wrote only one essay either in their first language or second language.
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For questions or inquiries, e-mail okugiri(a)u-sacred-heart.ac.jp (change (a) into @)



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