The purpose of this course is to study the relationships of languages classified into linguistic families. The major linguistic families of the world will be examined. The methods of classification, the expansion of language through colonialism and religion as well as geopolitics will be discussed.
Short quizzes every second week as well as a final examination.
Katzner, K.: The Languages of the World. Lockwood, W.: A Panorama of Indo-European Languages.
1. Short introduction to the methods of Comparative Linguistics. 2. Historical linguistics and the discovery of the concept of Indo-European. 3. The major families of Indo-European: Germanic, Romance, Slavonic. 4. The minor families of Indo-European: Celtic, Baltic, Albanian, Hellenic. 5. Iranian and Indic. 6. Ural-Altaic, Caucasian, Dravidian and Munda. 7. Sino-Tibetan, and Malayo-Polynesian. 8. Afro-Asiatic languages. 9. Colonialism, religion and the languages of Africa. 10. Colonialism, religion and the languages of the Americas. 11. Paleo-Asiatic and Eskimo-Aleut. 12. Artificial languages, creoles and pidgins. 13. General Revision.
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