The student will be presented with two opposite views: those of universalism and the more traditional one of relativism.
Various ideas expressed on colour starting from the Transformational basis of universalism. Reading of important papers in the linguistic field of colour.
Berlin and Kay: "Basic Colour Terms".
Reading of any good introduction to semantics, as for example Palmer or Ullmann.
Class presentations and/or research paper.
１．Introduction: the relativist-universalist debate. ２．Hue, saturation and brightness. ３．J. Lynons: several approaches to colour. ４．The views of S. Ullmann ５．The universalist approach of Berlin and Kay. ６．An early inquiry into colour: Woodworth, 1910. ７．Woodworth (continued). ８．McNeill's criticism of Berlin and Kay. ９．McNeill (continued). 10．Shields: Indo-European Basic Colour Terms. 11．Colours as symbols. 12．Colour as religious symbols. 13．Expressions and idioms based on colour. 14．Natural colours of heraldry. 15．Revision and questions.
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