This course attempts to combine the interests of students of literature and linguistics in its treatment of the metaphor.
This course will deal with the most important trope in rhetoric,i.c the metaphor. Various theories of the metaphor will be proposed as well as an analysis of the importance of metaphor in thinking.
Cooper, D. Metaphor. G. Lakoff and M. Johnson: Metaphors we live by.
Class participation and a final report.
１．The general introduction will discuss the concept of metaphorical as opposed to literal language. The course will begin with the Aristotle's first treatment of metaphor as a sort of elliptical simile. This theory, often called the ‘comparison theory' will be followed by other theories of modern times, such as the ‘emotive theory and the ‘iconic signification theory' and the 'verbal opposition theory. Of special interest will be the view of I.A.Richards with its division of metaphor into vehicle and tenor. The idea of linguistic relativity will be looked at with reference to the metaphor and particular emphasis will be given to the ways of thinking of individual languages on the basis of their metaphorical structure. ２． ３． ４． ５． ６． ７． ８． ９． 10． 11． 12． 13． 14． 15．
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