This course will be an examination of the linguistic sign in its many manifestations, based mainly on the theoretical researches of C.S. Peirce.
The definition of the symbol and its use in daily life. Examples from various domains of flora and fauna. Use of the symbol in heraldry.
Cirlot, J.: A Dictionary of Symbols. Langer, S.: Philosophy in a New Key.
A short test after every three classes and a final examination.
１．Introduction to the field of semiotics. ２．Semantics and pragmatics. ３．The views of C. Peirce on the linguistic sighn. ４．Symbols, indices and icons. ５．Saussure and the arbitriness of the sighn. ６．Various symbols that are culturally specific. ７．The human body in symbolism. ８．Animals as symbols. ９．Flowers and trees as symbols. 10．National symbols: flags and coats-of-arms. 11．Sound symbolism: phonesthemes. 12．The symbol in heraldry. 13．Divisions of the shield. 14．Natural colour of heraldry. 15．Honourable ordinaries and sub-ordinaries.
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